The freshman course emphasizes the development of the basic English skills of grammar, composition, reading and vocabulary, and the importance of organization, structure, and the revision process as vital components of effective writers. Composition focuses on expository, descriptive, narrative, and analytical writing. Literature study focuses on the genres of fiction, nonfiction, drama, and poetry. Students are encouraged to approach literature as a source of enjoyment as well as an art form. A multi-media approach to learning is used throughout the year. Vocabulary development is implemented through the use of online programs and the study of vocabulary in the context of the literature. Basic research skills are introduced and culminate in a required documented research paper.